1, raw material advantages
Although raw material prices have risen sharply, China's raw material prices still have certain competitive advantages. By the end of 2015, the steel price index continued to fall, which was basically the same as in December 2002. The decline in high output and sales channels will continue as a whole. Drag down steel prices. The competitive advantage of China's manufacturing industry derives a considerable part from its raw material cost advantage. Coupled with a comprehensive supplier network, China's manufacturing industry has laid a solid foundation for its competitiveness. Forklift parts industry, the internal combustion forklift parts and components can basically be purchased in the domestic assembly of a forklift. For electric forklifts, the battery needs to be replaced in 3-5 years. It is currently estimated that China's lead-acid battery, which accounts for nearly half of the global production, will have an average annual compound growth of around 10% over the next five years. This is a 150-year-old lead-acid battery. The battery industry currently holds more than 85% of the market share of electric forklift batteries in China, while domestic lead also holds an advantage in the procurement of raw materials for lead-acid batteries. Single lead-acid battery analysis, compared to nickel-metal hydride batteries and lithium batteries, from a comprehensive consideration of battery performance and practical aspects, lead-acid batteries to be even better, and the cost of the battery, lead-acid batteries in the three batteries is the lowest, The easiest to achieve marketization. Taking an electric forklift power battery as an example, the price of a lithium battery is three times that of an equivalent discharge efficiency lead-acid battery, and the manufacturing cost is also more than three times that of a lead-acid battery. In addition, as a recyclable metal, lead can supplement the shortage of raw materials and effectively reduce the problem of rising raw material prices due to the consumption of raw materials. At present, the lead recovery rate in lead-acid batteries is 98%.
2, production advantages
First, China's labor costs are low. Most of the parts and components industries are labor-intensive industries. The product areas are dominant and competitive, and the quality of China's labor force is also relatively high.
Second, China’s potential consumer market is large, with a market holding of 2 million forklift trucks, which effectively promotes economies of scale for forklift parts. In general, a country’s products must first be sold domestically, with some experience gained, and after reaching a certain scale of output, they will go to the international market. In 2009, China has become the world's largest producer and consumer of forklift trucks. Such a large domestic consumer market has created the basic conditions for product development and development.
Third, the foundation is relatively perfect. In 1953, Shenyang Electrical Machinery Factory succeeded in replicating Soviet products to successfully carry out China's first two-ton battery electric car. In 1958, China's first 5-ton internal-combustion forklift was born in the Dalian Forklift Factory. After 60 years of development and reform and opening up of the forklift industry, Over the past 30 years, remarkable achievements have been made. In 2014, the sales volume of domestic forklift trucks reached a new commanding height, and the forklift industry entered a broader and deeper stage.
Fourth, the production is relatively concentrated, and most of them are located in East China, South China, Central China, and North China. For complete machine manufacturers, the components of forklift trucks are distributed in a well-established supplier network, which will provide a foundation for the production resources of large-scale manufacturing industries. it is good.
3, sales advantage
In 2014, the sales volume of forklift trucks in China accounted for more than one-quarter of the world's forklift sales. This huge sales volume formed a relatively complete forklift industry chain and brought great advantages to the production and sales of forklift parts and components.